User Guide/Creating Metadata

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  • Contributor: Stefanie Rühle
  • Contributer: Tom Baker
  • Contributor: Pete Johnston

Go to User Guide | Publishing Metadata

Contents


How to create content for DCMI Metadata


About the examples

We are presenting the examples in tables. To interpret these tables please consider that:

  • yellow rows are standing for statements describing a resource,
  • white rows are standing for statements describing a resource that is the value of another statement but is not described by another record,
  • bold strings are standing for properties,
  • italicized strings are standing for values,
  • red strings are standing for values linking to records.

example (see turtle explanation)

Titles

Title

Title is a property that refers to the name or names by which a resource is formally known.

Alternative

Alternative is a property that refers to a name or names of a resource used as a substitute or alternative to the formal title. These are secondary titles, abbreviations, translations of a title, etc.

Guidelines for the creation of title content

For the title use the name given to the resource.

title Alvar Aalto Chair No. 66

as linked data

In most databases title is one of the main criteria to identify search results. So if there is no formal title resp. name you should formulate an adequate one by yourself.

title Data from a survey about the usage of metadata

as linked data

If there is more than one title resp. name you should repeat the title property

title Autumn Leaves
title The Dead Leaves

as linked data

or use the alternative property.

Typically alternative is used for secondary titles,

title Passion for Pulses
alternative A Feast of Beans, Peas and Lentils from Around the World

as linked data

or for abbreviations.

title American Meteorological Association Newsletter
alternative AMA Newsletter

as linked data

If the title resp. name is expressed in different languages you should use language tags.

title La Joconde fre
title Mona Lisa eng
title La Gioconda ita

as linked data

the same is true for alternative

title EU Stability Programm of Belgium eng
alternative Council Opinion on the Updated Stability Programm of Belgium 2009 - 2010 eng
alternative Stellungnahme des Rates zum aktualisierten Stabilitätsprogramm Belgiens für 2009 - 2012 ger

as linked data

It is recommended to describe titles with plain text (as done in the examples above). But sometimes it is necessary to create a relationship between the described resource and a more detailed title description.

This should be used to refer to a title with different transliterations,

title
in greek Οιδίπους Τύραννος
in latin Oidipous Tyrannos

as linked data

or to refer to a title authority.

title Nibelungenlied Handschrift B
title nibelungenlied


title Nibelungenlied Handschrift C
title nibelungenlied


identifier nibelungenlied
label Der Nibelunge Not
alternative label Nibelungenlied
alternative label Nibelungenklage
alternative label Nibelungensage
description The Nibelungenlied exists of 39 aventiuren created between 1180 and 1210

as linked data

Relationships between Resource and Agents

Using agent properties in Dublin Core

Persons, organizations and services can relate to resources in various ways. DCMI defined only a few common properties to describe the relationship between resources and agents. So when necessary other vocabularies should be used describing these relationships more detailed. In these cases we recommend to use the marcrelator codes. How to use them is described in

Contributor

The contributor property represents a relationship between the resource and a person, an organization, or a service making a contribution to a resource.

Creator

The creator property represents a relationship between the resource and a person, an organization, or a service primarily responsible for making the content of a resource.

Publisher

The publisher property represents a relationship between the resource and a person, an organization, or a service responsible for making the resource available and provide access to the resource.

RightsHolder

This property represents a relationship between the resource and a person or an organization owning or managing rights over this resource.

Guidelines for the creation of content for agents

If you know there is a URI standing for a person or organization you should use it. For further information you should handle the person or organization like another resource.

Example with an organization:

rights holder gnd 39454-3
name Bundesarchiv Koblenz
homepage http://www.bundesarchiv.de/index.html.de

as linked data

Example with a person:

contributor gnd 135066719
family name Elliott
given name Missy
nick name Missy E

as linked data

Regardless of the existence of a URI personal names should be grouped in family name resp. surname as one part of the name and forename resp. given name as the other part .

You should handle the person name like another resource,

creator
family name Shakespeare
given name William

as linked data

or you could devide these names by comma.

creator Shakespeare, William

as linked data

When you in doubt about family name and given name give the name as it appears.

contributor Snoop Dogg

as linked data

If there is more than one contributor/creator/publisher/rightsHolder, each should be listed separately,

like another resource,

publisher gnd 2125990-2
name Rossijskaja Gosudarstvennaja Biblioteka
homepage http://www.rsl.ru/
publisher
name Knižnaja Palata

as linked data

or with plain text.

creator Hubble Telescope
publisher University of Nowhere
publisher All Your Data Inc.

as linked data

Type

The type property refers to a description of the nature or genre of the content of a resource (e.g. a stylistic category, a function or an aggregation level). To describe the physical or digital manifestation, use format.

Guidelines for the creation of type content

We recommend to select a value from a controlled vocabulary (e. g. DCMI Type Vocabulary).

type dctype
Still Image

as linked data

But you may also use plain text.

type Conference

as linked data

If no formal controlled vocabulary exists, you could create a domain specific one.

type conference


identifier conference
label Conference eng
label Tagung ger
label съезд rus

as linked data


Is the resource composed of multiple components of different types the property should be repeated.

type dctype
Interactive Resource
type dctype
Text

as linked data

Different communities use a variety of type vocabularies. To ensure interoperability you can use terms from different vocabularies side by side - e.g. a type of the DCMI Type vocabulary in addition to a non-controlled or domain specific type term.

type
PC Game
type dctype
Software

as linked data

Format

The property format refers to the file format, the physical medium (e.g. the data storage medium), or the dimension (the size or duration) of a resource. The information can be relevant to determine the equipment needed to display or operate a resource (e.g. if the described resource has format pdf you need a pdf reader to use it). To specify the different categories of format you should use extent and/or medium. To reference to the nature or genre of the content use type.

Guidelines for the creation of format content

For the description of the file format we recommend to use a controlled vocabulary - e.g. the list of Internet Media Types(MIME).

format mime jpeg

as linked data

You should repeat the properties when more than one type of value exists.

format mime jpeg
format 40 x 512 pixels

as linked data

Extent

This property refers to the size (e.g. bytes, pages, inches, etc.) or duration (e.g. hours, minutes, days, etc.) of a resource.

Guidelines for the creation of extent content

Typically the value used for the description of the extent consists of a numeric value and a caption to specify it. You may use a text string to present it

extent
21 minutes

as linked data

or use controlled values for the caption.

extent
minutes 21

as linked data

Medium

This property refers to the physical carrier of the resource and may only be used if the resource is of physical nature (e.g. a painting, a sculpture, etc.)

Guidelines for the creation of medium content

Note that the media types must not be used with the property medium because medium describes only physical objects.

We recommend to use a controlled vocabulary. If no formal controlled vocabulary exist you should nonetheless handle the media type like another resource.

medium
oil on wood
oil
wood

as linked data

Language

This properties refers to the language of the intellectual content of the resource.

Guidelines for the creation of language content

For the identification of languages please follow RFC 4646. Best practice would be to select a value from the three letter language tags of ISO 639 (e.g. http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/codes.asp).

title A great deliverance
language ISO 639-3 eng

as linked data

or

title A great deliverance
language
RFC 4646 eng

as linked data

If the content is in more than one language, the property should be repeated.

title Charlie Wilson's War
language ISO 639-3 eng
language ISO 639-3 hun
language ISO 639-3 tur

as linked data

But if every language version has it's own identifier, they have to be treated like single resources.

Video1

title Medieval helpdesk with English subtitles
identifier http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQHX-SjgQvQ&feature=player_embedded
isVersionOf Video2
language ISO 639-3 nor
language ISO 639-3 eng

Video2

title Book help (better verson)
identifier http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UOorZQLsmuA&feature=related
isVersionOf Video1
language ISO 639-3 nor

as linked data

You could also use plain text

title The Power of Orange Knickers
language English

as linked data

or create your own language vocabulary.

title The Power of Orange Knickers
language english


identifier english
label English
ISO 639-1 en
ISO 639-3 eng

as linked data

Identifiers

Identifier

An identifier is an unambiguous reference to a resource. Examples of formal identification systems include the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) - including the Uniform Resource Locator (URL), the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) or the International Standard Book Number (ISBN).

BibliographicCitation

  • dcterms:bibliographicCitation

BibliographicCitation is a bibliographic reference to a resource identifying the resource by bibliographic details. Typically the described resource is the child in a parent/child relationship where the bibliographicCitation is not describing the relationship but the location of the described resource within the parent resource (e.g. the bibliographic citation of an article consists of the name of a journal as well as the number of volume, issues and even page references). For the description of parent/child relations see hasPart or isPartOf. BibliographicCitation may only be used to describe bibliographic resources like books, articles or other documentary resource.

Guidelines for the creation of identifier content

Best practice is to declare the identification system from which an identifier is selected.

title What's a URI and why does it matter?
identifier http://www.ltg.ed.ac.uk/~ht/WhatAreURIs/ URI

as linked data

Identifiers should be selected from formal identification systems as above but can also be local identifiers as long as there is a proper declaration of these.

title Small and medium sized companies in Kathmandu
identifier 03KTM147 local ID

as linked data

Note that the identifier of the description of a resource (e. g. of the metadata record) is not the same as the identifier of the resource itself.

metadata record
created 2010 W3CDTF
identifier 013234098 database ID
my Video
title Medieval helpdesk with English subtitles
created 2007 W3CDTF
identifier http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQHX-SjgQvQ&feature=player_embedded URI

as linked data

If no identifier from a formal identification system exist, the identifier can be generated by a bibliographic citation. The bibliographic citation can be created as text citation,

title Prototyping Digital Library Technologies in zetoc
bibliographicCitation Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2458, 309-323 (2002)

as linked data

or as machine readable citations.

title Prototyping Digital Library Technologies in zetoc
bibliographicCitation &ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=Lecture Notes in Computer Science&rft.volume=2458&rft.spage=309"^^info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx

as linked data

You can also structure the bibliographic information.

title My first article about metadata
identifier
journal title My Favorite Journal
volume 3
issue 2
start page 14
date 2010

as linked data

For additional information on bibliographicCitation see "Guidelines for Encoding Bibliographic Citation Information in Dublin Core Metadata".

Descriptions

Description

This property refers to the description of the content of a resource. The description is a potentially rich source of indexable terms and assist the users in their selection of an appropriate resource. To refine the character of a description use abstract or tableOfContent.

Abstract

This property is used when the description of a resource is a formal abstract.

TableOfContent

This property is used when the description of a resource is a structured list of the contents of a resource.

Guidelines for the creation of descriptions

A description may be a free text account,

title Bugs from New Zealand
description A box of ten bugs collected in New Zealand between 1845 and 1846

as linked data

an abstract,

title The Foundations of Programm Verification
abstract This revised edition provides a precise mathematical background to several program verification techniques. It concentrates on those verification methods that have now become classic, such as the inductive assertions method of Floyd, the axiomatic method of Hoare, and Scott's fixpoint induction. The aim of the book is to present these different verification methods in a simple setting and to explain their mathematical background. In particular the problems of correctness and completeness of the different methods are discussed in some detail and many helpful examples are included.

as linked data

a table of contents,

title Remains of Claire Klawitter
table of content Diary 1822 - 1824 -- 20 pictures of Indian farmers -- 5 letters to Rudi Ratlos -- 1 map of North India

as linked data

or a reference to a description.

title Thriller
description http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thriller_(album)

as linked data

You can give some information about the description you refer to.

title Coriandrum sativum
description http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriander
title Coriander
contributor Wikipedia

as linked data

If descriptions in different languages exist, the property should be repeated with language tags.

title Delvig and Kjuchelbeker
abstract The book is a collection of works of two poets - contemporaries and friends of Pushkin - A. A. Delvig and V. K. Kjuchelbeker. It includes poems and prosa by Kjuchelbeker, parts of his diary, the poem Jurij and Xenia and reviews by Delvig. The attachment presents some retrospections to Delvig and Kjuchelbeker. A detailed biographic description tells us something about the life of the poets. eng
abstract Сборник впервые обединяет произведения двух поетов - современиков и друзей Пушкина - А. А. Дельвига и В. К. Кюхельбекера. Наряду со стихотворениями в книгу вклучены проза Кюхельбекера, фрагменты из его дневника, поема "Юрий и Ксения", а также рецензии Дельвига. В "Приложении" печатаются воспоминания о Дельвиге и Кюхельбекерею. Подробные биографические очерки рассказывают о жизненном пути поэтов. rus

as linked data

Subject

The property subject represents a relationship between a resource and another resource which is a topic of the first resource rsp. describes the intellectual content of the first resource. If the topic of the resource has a spatial or temporal character, use coverage, spatial or temporal.

Guidelines for describing the subject of a resource

To express the topic of a resource we recommend to use a URI representing another resource describing this topic,

title Inviato alla Biennale : Venezia, 1949 - 2009
subject http://www.labiennale.org/en/Home.html
title La Biennale di Venezia

as linked data

or a URI representing the value of a controlled vocabulary,

title My Winter Wonderland
subject http://id.loc.gov/authorities/sh88004323#concept
label Cross-country skiing--Skating

as linked data

title Transports in Kazakhstan 2000 - 2010
subject W03_7
subject G06_3


label W03.7
name Freight Transport
broader W03
narrower W03.72
narrower W03.75


label G06_3
name Kazakhstan
broader G06
narrower G06_31
narrower G06_35

as linked data


You may also use plain text. But if you need more than one entry to describe the content you should repeat the property.

title How to get an aircraft
subject aircraft
subject leasing

as linked data

If you want to use a keyword or keyphrase in different languages, you should use language tags.

title KONSTYTUCJA RZECZYPOSPOLITEJ POLSKIEJ
subject
Rzeczpospolita Polska pol
Republic of Poland eng

as linked data


If the subject is a person or organization you should use names from formal name authorities (e.g. from the Library of Congress Name Authority Headings [1], or from the Virtuell International Authority File [2]).

title Candle in the wind
subject gnd 118583549
family name Monroe
given name Marilyn
born 1926
died 1962

as linked data

Coverage

Coverage

The property coverage describes a relationship between a resource and another resource which represents the extent or scope of the content of the first resource. This includes the spatial locations (a place name or geographic co-ordinates), temporal periods (a period label, a date or a date range), or jurisdictions (states, counties, or other administrative entities). If you want to make a destinction between the temporal or spatial character of the content use temporal or spatial.

Temporal

This property describes the relationship between a resource and another resource which represent the temporal characteristics of the intellectual content of the first resource expressed by period labels or date encoding. If you want to describe date of the lifecycle of a resource use the date properties.

Spatial

This property describes the relationship between a resource and another resource which represents spatial characteristics of the intellectual content of the first resource expressed by by geographic names, latitude/longitude, or other established georeferencing.

Guidelines for describing the coverage, spatial or temporal character of a resource

To describe the temporal characteristic of a resource

you may use plain text,

title Transports in Kazakhstan 2000 - 2010
coverage 2000 - 2010

as linked data

or structure your entry using dates,

title Transports in Kazakhstan 2000 - 2010
temporal
start 2000 W3CDTF
end 2010 W3CDTF

as linked data

or period labels.

title Analysis of rocks collected in Perth
temporal
start Cambrian period
scheme Geological timescale
name Phanerozoic Eon

as linked data

Further information on encoding temporal characteristics you will find in the DCMI Period Encoding Scheme.

To describe the spatial character of a resource, you could use plain text,

title Analysis of rocks collected in Perth
coverage Perth, W. A.

as linked data

or express it by georeferencing,

title Analysis of rocks collected in Perth
spatial
east 115.85717
north -31.95301
name Perth, W. A.

as linked data

or reference to a formal encoding.

title The growth of trees in the suptropical highlands
spatial
label Cwb
source Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
main Climates warm temperate
precipitation winter dry
temperature warmest month averaging below 22°C

as linked data

Further information on encoding spatial characteristics you will find in the DCMI Box Encoding Scheme and the DCMI Point Encoding Scheme.

Dates

Date

The property date refers to a description of any dates or ranges in the lifecycle of a resource and is typically associated with the creation or availability. If the destinction between different sorts of date is necessary, the following subproperties should be used. If a date is describing the content of a resource the properties coverage or temporal have to be used.

Created

This property refers to a description of the date or range of the creation of a resource. According to the one-to-one principle this has to be the creation date of the resource being described and not the creation date of any other resource from which the described resource derives (e.g. a former version or a superior resource). So a resource is created only once, every other date of creation belongs to another resource that has to be described on its own.

Issued

This property refers to a description of the date of the formal issuance resp. publication of a resource. A resource is issued only once, every other issuance belongs to another resource that has to be described on its own. If the issuance of a resource is not formal the property "available" should be used.

Available

This property refers to a description of the date a resource did become or will become available. A resource becomes available only once, every other availability belongs to another resource that has to be described on its own. If the availability of a resource starts with the formal issuance resp. publication use "issued".

Modified

This property refers to a description of the date a resource was changed. You may record every date a resource was modified by repeating this property or record only one date (this should be the last one).

Valid

This property refers to a description of the date or range a resource is, was or will be valid. This property should be used if a resource is only valid resp. relevant until a particular date.

DateCopyrighted

This property refers to a description of the date or range of the copyright of the resource.

DateSubmitted

This property refers to a description of the date a resource was submitted (e.g. a thesis at a university department, an article at the editorial board of a journal, etc.).

DateAccepted

This property refers to a description of the date a resource was accepted (e.g. a thesis by a university department, an article by the editorial board of a journal, etc.)

Guidelines for the creation of content for dates

For the structure of date properties we recommend the usage of the W3CDTF profile of ISO 8601 [W3CDTF]. It allows to sort search results by date and facilitates the merging of metadata of different applications.

You should use this encoding for a point in time

created 2003-04-10 W3CDTF

as linked data

but must not use it with a range,

valid 2007-05-06/2007-07-15

as linked data

or when the date is located before the common area.

created -500 gYear

as linked data

If you need to structure range data, make a distinction of start and end date.

date
start 2007-05-06" W3CDTF
end 2007-07-15 W3CDTF

as linked data

If the complete date is unknown you should use

month and year

available 2006-07 W3CDTF

as linked data

or only the year

issued 2009 W3CDTF

as linked data

If more than one date of the same type (e.g. modified) is recorded, the property must be repeated.

modified 2009-12-22 W3CDTF
modified 2010-01-08 W3CDTF
modified 2010-02-15 W3CDTF

as linked data

Since a resource has only one date of creation, issuance, availability and/or copyright you may repeat the properties created, issued, available and dateCopyrighted only if you want to provide the same date in another structure.

created 1752 W3CDTF
created probably after 1752

as linked data

If the described date is only approximately known, you may use plain text,

created aprox. 500 B.C.

as linked data

or describe it.

date
year 500
qualifier approx.
epoch B.C.

as linked data

Another date of creation, issuance, availability and/or copyright however belongs to another resource that has to be described on its own. The relation of both resources may be described by one of the relation properties or by source.

title Population estimates in Scandinavia
created 2004 W3CDTF
source
title World health report 2002 statistical annex
created 2002 W3CDTF

as linked data

Source and Relations

Relation

Relation represents the relationship between the described resource and another resource, that is related to the described resource in some way. Such relationship may be expressed reciprocally but this is not required and depends on the sort of relation. If the relation shall be specified more precicely use one of the following properties.

Source

Source describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource, from which the described resource is derived in whole or in part (e.g. data of a climate centre are the source of a forecast, a book or journal is the source of a scan, etc.)

IsPartOf

This property describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource of which the described resource is a physical or logical part (e.g. a painting as part of a collection, an article as part of a journal, etc.). The described resource is like a "child" in a hierarchical or "parent/child" relationship. For the reciprocal statement use hasPart.

HasPart

This property describes the relationship between the desribed resource and another resource which is a physical or logical part of the described resource (e.g. the described resource is a collection of paintings, or a journal with different articles, etc.). The described resource is like the "parent" in a hierarchical or "parent/child" relationship. For the reciprocal statement use isPartOf.

IsVersionOf

This property describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource, that is a former version, edition or adaptation of the described resource (e.g. the described resource is the revision of a book, or another recording of a song, etc.). Another version implies changes in the content of a resource. For resources with different formats use isFormatOf. For the reciprocal statement use hasVersion.

HasVersion

This property describes the relationship between the desribed property and another property, that is a later version, edition or adaptation of the described resource (e.g. the described resource is the older version of a revised book, or of a song, etc.). Another version implies changes in the content of a resource. For resources with different formats use hasFormat. For the reciprocal statement use isVersionOf.

IsFormatOf

This property describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource, that is a former version of the described resource with the same intellectual content but presented in another format (e.g. the described resource is the microfilm version of a printed book, or the pdf version of a doc document). For intellectual changes between resources use isVersonOf. For the reciprocal statement use hasFormat.

HasFormat

This property describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource, that is a later version of the described resource with the same intellectual content but presented in another format (e.g. the desribed resource is a printed book that is also availabel as a microfilm, or a doc document that is also available as pdf). For intellectual changes between resources use hasVersion. For the reciprocal statement use isFormatOf.

Replaces

This property describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource, that has been supplanted, displaced or superseeded by the described resource. It is used for the valid version in chain of versions (e.g. the described resource is the the last draft of a contract, or the current version of guidelines). For the reciprocal statement use isReplacedBy.

IsReplacedBy

This property describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource, that supplants, displaces or superseedes the described resource. It is used, when in chain of versions only one version is valid (e.g. the described resource is one of the former drafts of a contract, or a former version of guidelines). For the reciprocal statement use replaces.

Requires

This property describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource supporting the function, delivery or coherence of the content of the described resource (e.g. the described resource is an application that can be used only with a particular software, or hardware). For the reciprocal statement use isRequiredBy.

IsRequiredBy

The described resource is necesssary for the function, delivery or coherence of the content of the resource the property references to (e.g. the described resource is a software or hardware necesssary to use a particular application). For the reciprocal statement use requires.

References

This property describes the relationship between the described resource and another resource that is cited, referenced, or otherwise pointed to by the described resource (e.g. the described resource is an article citing a book, or an interview pointing to a play). For the reciprocal statement use isReferencedBy.

IsReferencedBy

This property describes the relationship between a resource and another resource that points to the described resource by citation, acknowledgement, etc (e.g. the described resource is a book cited in an article, or a play pointed to in an interview, etc.). For the reciprocal statement use references.

ConformsTo

This property describes the relationship between a resource and an established standard, to which the described resource conforms (e.g. a metadata record that conforms to the RDA standard, or a pipe that conforms to ISO 3183, etc.)

Guidelines for the creation of content for relations and source

You may refer to the related resource by plain text or by a URI representing the related resource. If you use plain text, you should use a formal citation.

issued 2009 W3CDTF
isFormatOf
Eike von Repgow: Sachsenspiegel, Auffs newe vbersehen mit Summarijs vnd Additionen ...; Leipzig 1561/1563

as linked data

However recommended best practice is to use an identifier instead of text,

conformsTo http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema -

as linked data

or to describe the related resources like another resource.

references
creator Black, Carl
contributor White, Stuart
title Black and White
date 1988 W3CDTF

as linked data

If there is more than one relation of the same sort you have to repeat the property:

requires
audio
video

as linked data

If both resources of a relationship are described the relation could be expressed reciprocally whereupon reciprocality could be generated automatically

identifier mySong1
title Candle in the wind
issued 1973 W3CDTF
description Portayal of the life of Marilyn Monroe
hasVersion mySong2

as linked data

identifier mySong2
title Candle in the wind
alternative Goodbye England's Rose
issued 1997 W3CDTF
description Tribut to the dead princess of Wales
isVersionOf mySong1

as linked data

Rights

Rights

The rights property represents the relationship between a resource and information about rights held in and over this resource. This includes information like access rights, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), copyrights, references to legal documents describing how to use a resource, etc. To specify rights more precicely use accessRights or license.

AccessRights

This property represents the relationship between a resource and information about who can access a resource or an indication of its security status. Access rights provides information about restrictions to view, search or use a resource based on attributes of the resource itself or the category of user.

License

This property represents the relationship between a resource and a legal document giving official permission to do something with the resource (e.g. an otherwise free resource may not be used for reproduction within commercial applications). Examples of such licenses you will find at http://creativecommons.org/.

Guidelines for the creation of rights content

A rights statement may be a text,

title Data from my last evaluation
accessRights
My colleagues only

as linked data

or a URI referencing to formal rights information,

title You and me
rights http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode

as linked data

or a combination of both.

title GeoNetwork - Geographic Metadata Catalog
license http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
GNU General Public License

as linked data

If there are no formal rights statements to use you may also create your own rights statement.

title Diaries of Juanita Ramirez
rights accessConditions


identifier accessConditions
title Access to my stuff
description Resources under this right can only be read, searched and used by members of the myProject

as linked data

Special properties for the description of education material

Audience

The property audience represents the relationship between a resource and the class of persons for whom the resource is intended or useful (e.g. the resource is a textbook for psychologists, etc.). To specify an audience more precisely use mediator or educationLevel.

Mediator

This property represents the relationship between a resource and the class of persons who mediate access to the resource and for whom it is intended or useful. This might be teachers, parents etc. (e.g. teachers are mediators for a resource intended to be used in elementary school lessons)

EducationLevel

This property refers to information about the progress of an audience through the educational or training context, for which the described resource is intended (e.g. the resource is an English workbook for students of the 4th - 5th grade).

InsctructionalMethod

This property refers to the process used to engender knowledge, attitudes and skills, that the described resource is designed to support. Typically it includes ways of presenting instructional materials or conducting instructional activities, patterns of learner-to-learner and learner-to-instructor interactions, and mechanisms by which group and individual levels of learning are measured. Instructional methods include all aspects of the instruction and learning processes from planning and implementation through evaluation and feedback.

Guidelines for the creation of content for properties describing education material

You should use formal or informal controlled vocabularies. Though none are registered by DCMI, implementors are encouraged to develop local lists of values, and to use them consistently.

title Advances Physics
audience
elementary school pupils

as linked data

mediator
schoolteacher

as linked data

educationLevel
3rd - 4th grade

as linked data

InstructionalMethod
experimental learning

as linked data

Special properties for the description of collections

AccrualMethod

This property refers to the method by which items are added to a collection.

AccrualPeriodicity

This property refers to the frequency with wich items are added to a collection.

AccrualPolicy

This property refers to the policy governing the addition of items to a collection.

Guidelines for the creation of content for properties describing collections

Resources described by these properties have to be collections. We recommend to use values of formal or informal controlled vocabularies.

title Pottery in Scandinavia in the second half of 19th century
accrualMethod
purchase

as linked data

accrualPeriodicity
irregular

as linked data

accrualPolicy
Objects of this collection have to be Scandinavian ceramics from 1940s to 1999s.

as linked data

Provenance

This property refers to a description of changes in ownership and custody. The statement should include any changes of the resource that are significant for its authenticity, integrity and interpretation.

Guidelines for the creation of content for provenance

The description of the provenance of a resource includes all changes made to a resource.

The provenance can be described by text,

title Luxor Obelisk
provenance
Originally located at the entrance to the Luxor temple the obelisk came to Paris in 1836 as a gift by Muhammad Ali Pasha.

as linked data

or desribed like another resource.

title The flea circus
provenance
ownedBy 1829 - 1833; Jim Button
ownedBy 1833 - 1915; My Library
ownedBy since 1915; Flea Academy

as linked data

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